Should breast-fed babies take appropriate vitamin K supplements?
Recently, Ms. Wang, who lives in Dashi, went to the doctor with a baby just two months old. "Children have been diarrhea, there are bleeding points on their arms, what is the matter?" By the same diagnosis of pediatric experts Luo Youtong, infants suffering from vitamin K deficiency, further diagnosis and treatment, determine the main cause is breastfeeding!
02_Breast-feeding has been advocated, how can it become the cause of illness of the baby? First of all, we need to start with the understanding of vitamin K. Luo Youtong, an expert in pediatrics of Panyu Hospital of Armed Police, introduced that vitamin K is an important substance involved in blood coagulation. Therefore, if the human body lacks vitamin K, it can not synthesize coagulation factors, which will lead to vitamin K deficiency. Vitamin K deficiency in infants can cause skin, gastrointestinal tract, intrathoracic hemorrhage, diarrhea, convulsions, brain edema, and even intracranial hemorrhage. Intracranial hemorrhage often leaves nervous system sequelae, with about 40% disability and high mortality.
03 He said that breastfeeding alone can easily lead to vitamin K deficiency in infants and young children. Within 2 months, the large intestine of newborn infants has not been fully developed, and the intestinal tract lacks the bacteria that synthesize vitamin K. Vitamin K is usually ingested through breast milk. However, there are four problems in vitamin K intake through breastfeeding alone: 1. Each liter of breast milk contains about 15 micrograms of vitamin K, and colostrum contains almost no vitamin K. 2. Breast milk contains vitamin K inhibitors. 3. If pregnant women have used anti-tuberculosis drugs, anticoagulants, anticonvulsants and other drugs that can interfere with vitamin K metabolism during pregnancy, infants and young children are also vulnerable to vitamin K deficiency. Infants with congenital hepatobiliary disease or chronic diarrhea are also susceptible to vitamin K uptake by intestinal mucosa. 4. Because of the rapid growth and development of newborns, the need for vitamin K is large, and it is easy to cause inadequate intake. Luo Youtong pointed out that, therefore, breast-fed babies should be properly supplemented with vitamin K under the guidance of doctors.